PHILIP RENO, PHD
Department of Bio-Medical Sciences - Philadelphia
Dr. Philip Reno is a biological anthropologist who investigates the evolutionary and
developmental bases for human anatomy. His current efforts are directed towards two
main questions: What are the mechanisms that pattern growth plate development and
differential growth and what are the developmental mechanisms that underlie the evolution
of human-specific traits?
To address these questions his lab employs a novel integration of human, primate and
mammalian comparative anatomy; skeletal development and histology; and developmental
and comparative genomics. Dr. Reno teaches human anatomy and embryology to Doctor
of Osteopathic Medicine (DO) students at PCOM. He also mentors students in the lab
working on various projects related to skeletal development, cartilage biology, comparative
genomics and skin development.
- Postdoctoral developmental biology, Stanford University
- PhD biomedical sciences, Kent State University
- BA anthropology, Washington University in St. Louis
- 2017 Reno PL. Missing Links Scientific American. 316(May 1):42-47.
- 2016 Reno PL, Kjosness KM, Hines JE. The role of Hox in pisiform and calcaneus growth
plate formation and the nature of the zeugopod/autopod boundary. Journal of Experimental
Zoology B (Mol Dev Evol). 326B:303-321.
- 2016 Machnicki AL, Lovejoy CO, Reno PL. Developmental biology versus typology: Lucy
has only four vertebral segments. American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 160:729-39.
- 2015 Reno PL, Lovejoy CO. From Lucy to Kadanuumuu: Balanced analyses of Australopithecus
afarensis assemblages confirm only moderate skeletal dimorphism. PeerJ. 3:e925; DOI
- 2014 Reno PL. Genetic and developmental basis for parallel evolution and its significance
for hominoid evolution. Evolutionary Anthropology. 23:188-200.
- 2014 Kjosness KM, Hines JE, Lovejoy CO, Reno PL. The pisiform growth plate is lost
in humans and supports a role for Hox in growth plate formation. Journal of Anatomy.
- 2013 Reno PL, McLean CY, Hines JE, Capellini TD, Bejerano G, Kingsley DM. A penile
spine/vibrissa enhancer sequence is missing in modern and extinct humans, but is retained
in multiple primates with penile spines and sensory vibrissae. PLoS ONE. 8(12): e84258.
- 2013 Reno PL, Horton WE, Lovejoy CO. Metapodial or phalanx? An evolutionary and developmental
perspective on the homology of the first ray’s proximal segment. Journal of Experimental
Zoology Part B. 320B:276-85.
- 2011 McLean CY*, Reno PL*, Pollen AA*, Bassan AI, Capellini TD, Guenther C, Indjeian
VB, Lim X, Menke DB, Schaar BT, Wenger AM, Bejerano G, Kingsley DM. Human-specific
loss of regulatory DNA and the evolution of human-specific traits. Nature. 471:216-19.
* Equal author contribution
- 2008 Reno PL, McCollum MA, Cohn MJ, Meindl RS, Hamrick M, Lovejoy CO. Patterns of
correlation and covariation of anthropoid distal forelimb segments correspond to Hoxd
expression territories. Journal of Experimental Zoology Part B. 310B:240-58.
- 2003 Reno PL, Meindl RS, McCollum, Lovejoy CO. Sexual dimorphism of Australopithecus
afarensis was similar to that of modern humans. Proceedings of the National Academy
of Sciences, 1000:9404-9409.
- 2003 Lovejoy CO, McCollum MA, Reno PL, Rosenman BA. Developmental biology and human
evolution. Annual Review of Anthropology, 32:85-109.
- American Association of Anatomists
- American Association of Physical Anthropologists
- NSF: “Mechanisms of growth plate patterning revealed by natural variation in mammalian
ossification.” Philip Reno PI, IOS-1656315, $800,000, 2017-2021.
- NSF: “Evolution and development of the hominoid wrist.” Philip Reno PI, Douglas Menke
Co-PI. BCS-1638812, $233,599, 2017-2020.
- NSF: “Doctoral Dissertation Research: Evolution and development of the hominoid thoracolumbar
transition.” Philip Reno PI, Allison Machnicki Co-PI, BCS-1650879 ($11,820), 2017.
- Wenner-Gren Foundation Dissertation Fieldwork Grant: “Evolution and Development of
the Hominoid Thoracolumbar Transition.” Allison Machnicki Ph.D Student, Philip Reno
supervisor. ($20,000), 2016.
- NSF: “Doctoral Dissertation Research: Evolutionary and developmental influences on
skeletal maturation and internal structure. Philip Reno PI, Kelsey Kjosness Co-PI.
BCS-1540418 ($30,140), 2015-2017.
- NIH Ruth L. Kirschstein NRSA Post Doctoral Fellowship: “Regulatory architecture of
the Androgen Receptor locus in development & evolution.” 2009-2010.