Philip Reno, PhD | PCOM Biomedical Sciences Faculty
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Associate Professor of Anatomy

Dr. Philip Reno is a biological anthropologist who investigates the evolutionary and developmental bases for human anatomy. His current efforts are directed towards two main questions: What are the mechanisms that pattern growth plate development and differential growth and what are the developmental mechanisms that underlie the evolution of human-specific traits?

To address these questions his lab employs a novel integration of human, primate and mammalian comparative anatomy; skeletal development and histology; and developmental and comparative genomics. Dr. Reno teaches human anatomy and embryology to Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (DO) students at PCOM. He also mentors students in the lab working on various projects related to skeletal development, cartilage biology, comparative genomics and skin development.


  • Postdoctoral developmental biology, Stanford University
  • PhD biomedical sciences, Kent State University
  • BA anthropology, Washington University in St. Louis


  • Human anatomy
  • Embryology


  • American Association of Anatomists
  • American Association of Physical Anthropologists


  • NSF: “Mechanisms of growth plate patterning revealed by natural variation in mammalian ossification.” Philip Reno PI, IOS-1656315, $800,000, 2017-2021.
  • NSF: “Evolution and development of the hominoid wrist.” Philip Reno PI, Douglas Menke Co-PI. BCS-1638812, $233,599, 2017-2020.
  • NSF: “Doctoral Dissertation Research: Evolution and development of the hominoid thoracolumbar transition.” Philip Reno PI, Allison Machnicki Co-PI, BCS-1650879 ($11,820), 2017.
  • Wenner-Gren Foundation Dissertation Fieldwork Grant: “Evolution and Development of the Hominoid Thoracolumbar Transition.” Allison Machnicki Ph.D Student, Philip Reno supervisor. ($20,000), 2016.
  • NSF: “Doctoral Dissertation Research: Evolutionary and developmental influences on skeletal maturation and internal structure. Philip Reno PI, Kelsey Kjosness Co-PI. BCS-1540418 ($30,140), 2015-2017.
  • NIH Ruth L. Kirschstein NRSA Post Doctoral Fellowship: “Regulatory architecture of the Androgen Receptor locus in development & evolution.” 2009-2010.